Pfizer hid data on waning immunity as millions queued to get vaccinated.
New regulatory filings show Pfizer had evidence, early into the vaccination campaign, that its vaccine’s efficacy waned, but waited months before alerting the public.
In late 2020, the airways became saturated with triumphant reporting of Pfizer and Moderna’s “95% effective” covid-19 vaccines. Millions rolled up their sleeves with the belief that reaching herd immunity would end the pandemic.
But by June 2021, the pandemic endgame story had gone off script. Highly vaccinated countries like Israel were experiencing a new wave of covid infections, vaccination rates were starting to slow, and public scepticism was snowballing.
Authorities tried to allay fears by saying that new infections were “rare breakthroughs,” but the data became too difficult to ignore.
By early July, the Israeli Ministry of Health reported that vaccine effectiveness against infection and symptomatic disease had fallen to 64%. Three weeks later, revised estimates put Pfizer’s vaccine at just 39% effective.
Regulatory filings date stamped from April 2021 show Pfizer had strong evidence that its vaccine’s efficacy waned – results the company did not publicly release until the end of July.
Peter Doshi, associate professor at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, accessed these documents from the Canadian drug regulator, Health Canada.
“It’s clear from the documents that these analyses were almost four months old by the time they became public,” said Doshi.
“It’s disappointing that neither Pfizer, nor regulators, disclosed these data until it was too obvious to ignore new outbreaks in Israel and Massachusetts, which made it clear that vaccine performance was not holding up.”
When mRNA vaccines were first authorised in 2020, FDA scientists had listed critical ‘gaps’ in the knowledge base. Two of them -- effectiveness against viral transmission and duration of protection.
But on April 1, 2021, when Pfizer announced its 6-month data from its phase III trial, there was no mention of waning immunity by Pfizer or the regulators. On the contrary, officials repeated standard talking points.
Speaking on national TV, Anthony Fauci told the American public that “when you get vaccinated, you not only protect your own health ... you become a dead end to the virus.”
Then, on a door-to-door vaccination drive, Fauci told one unvaccinated resident, “on the very, very, very rare chance that you do get it even if you’re vaccinated … you don’t even feel sick, it’s like you don’t even know you got infected.”
Martin Kulldorff, biostatistician, and professor of medicine at Harvard (on leave) says he is disappointed with the lack of transparency.
“In public health, it is important to be honest with the public. Pfizer should have reported the declining vaccine efficacy in its April 1, 2021 press release, which they clearly knew about at the time,” said Kulldorff.
Pfizer gave no explanation for why it delayed the publication of its data. The FDA did not confirm when it first learned about waning efficacy and Health Canada did not respond by the deadline.